Decembrie 2008

Emanuel Conţac

Condiţionări mariologice în traducerile româneşti ale versetului Ioan 2:4 (p. 5-28)

Abstract
This article presents the way in which the Romanian versions of the New Testament render the question Jesus addresses His mother in John 2:4. In the first part of the article, the main interpretations of the event at Cana are surveyed and in the second part the text is subjected to a fresh exegesis.
With regard to John 2:4, the Romanian versions of the New Testament fall into three categories: those who render Jesus’ question literally and unintelligibly, those who tend to soften it (the Catholic and Eastern-Orthodox versions) and those who render it as being abrupt and even harsh (the Protestant versions).

Keywords
John 2:4, Wedding at Cana, Mary, Mariology, Romanian versions

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Romulus Ganea

Exilul evreilor în Asiria (p. 29-84)

Abstract
In the ancient history of Israel, the exile of the Israelites to the Neo-Assyrian Empire was a tragic event. There are two issues associated with this state. Firstly, the exile of the Israelites to Assyria happened simultaneously with the destruction of all forms of state organization of the Israelites in the North. Secondly, as it is often claimed, in the Assyrian exile, the ten tribes became lost; there is very little Biblical and historiographic evidence related to them. The lack of clear information and the mist that has surrounded the deportation have nurtured all kind of theories which try to offer an explanation concerning their destiny. Even though the historiographic sources concerning the exile of the Israelites in Assyria are brief and unspecific, the purpose of this article is to emphasize the fact that the exile, though damaging in its nature, was a crucial event in the history of Israel and, consequently, it cannot be considered an insignificant episode in the history of the Israelites.

For a clear and objective presentation of the history of the exile of the Israelites to Assyria, I start by tracing the external and internal historical context and the causes that have led to the deportation of the Northern tribes to the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Then, based on the biblical information and on the Assyrian and Babylonian historiographic resources, I present a picture of the Israelite exile. This is important in order to emphasize, even in a succinct manner, the history of the exiled Israelite community. The events from this exile period and from before it are presented and evaluated diachronically, but I also take into account the external political context.

Keywords
Exile, deportation, Israel, Northern Kingdom, Assyria, Neo-Assyrian Empire

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Ciprian Bălăban

Termenul homoousios între erezie şi ortodoxie. Evoluţia termenului în gândirea teologică a sec. III-IV d.Hr. (p. 85-114)

Abstract
The extra-biblical term homoousios, used to express the relationship between the Christ’s nature and the Father’s divine nature, was used in the 3rd century by the Gnostics and by some of the Church writers, by the heretic Paul of Samosata; it was probably also used by the upholders of the Modal Monarchianism (or at least the usage was ascribed to them in the 4th century). In the 4th century it was considered to best represent the Orthodox point of view, being introduced into the Creed of the first Church ecumenical council. However, after half a century of serious disputes on it, even if it was imposed at the 2nd ecumenical council, it was skillfully avoided as a reference to the Holy Spirit.

Keywords
homoousios, Christology, Ecumenical councils, heresies, Trinity

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Ioan Brie

Împărăţia Cerurilor în pildele din Matei 13 (p. 115-147)

Abstract
The author of the article interprets the parables in Matthew 13 from the perspective of Jesus’ proclamation of the Kingdom of God. The central feature of the proclamation of Jesus was the message about the Kingdom of God. As the imminence of the coming Kingdom is announced, and in the context of the eschatological crisis that the proclamation of the Kingdom creates, the parables in Matthew 13 become not only weapons used to defend the proclamation of Jesus, but also revelatory means used to disclose profound truths concerning the tension between the dynamic presence of the Kingdom in the ministry of Jesus and its consummation at the end of the Age.

Keywords
Kingdom of God, parables, the present age, the age to come, eschatology, mystery, allegory, community, discipleship, controversy

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